Pahoua was born in Iowa, but was raised in Fresno, California. She graduated from the University of California, Davis with a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology. She earned her Juris Doctorate from San Joaquin College of Law. Pahoua's law practice focuses on Employment Law, Housing Law, Personal Injury, Civil Litigation and Criminal Law.
Prior to attending law school, Pahoua worked for attorneys in the Sacramento and Fresno areas. During law school, Pahoua interned with Central California Legal Services advocating for domestic violence victims. In 2007, she was the recipient of the Champions of Justice award.
Pahoua is a member of the State of California Bar and is admitted to practice in the United States District Courts for the Eastern and Northern Districts. Pahoua also serves as a Board of Director for Tenants Together and Central California Legal Services. She is also an active member of the Central California Asian Pacific American Bar Association.